Tuesdays and Thursdays, 11:30 – 12:45 A.M.
1. THE NATURE OF SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS THOUGHT
What is science? What is religion?
Goals: (1)Understand the different viewpoints, methods,
and concepts in science and religion.
(2)The role of creativity in connecting S & R.
Sept 4 Introduction, Overview Lecture
In antiquity, there was little distinction
between the Sacred and the secular. The development of empirical science
during the Renaissance led to tension with religion. In this course, we
will explore the nature of methods and concepts in science and religion
and ways of relating them. We will discuss the religious symbols of creation,
contingency, consummation, providence, revelation, and eschatology in relation
Sept 6 *Read:- Introduction of Barhour’s S & R &(Tillich’s
The Relationship Today between Science & Religion
*Bring to class one-page typed summary of key
issues and questions for discussion
Sept.11 LECTURE: CREATIVITY & COURAGE
IN Science & Religion
"It is by logic we prove, it is by intuition we discover."
We shall explore creativity, conflict, and courage in relating science and religion. As "created co-creators," we experience the creativity of scientific insight and of religious revelation. Creative imagination connects scientific data to theory and religious experience to belief. Creativity gives birth to new ideas that often conflict with established organizations and paradigms. This tension requires the courage-to-create. Galileo and Einstein exemplify creative courage. Religious faith can be a source of courage. *Read: P. H. Carr, Creativity & Courage in Science & Religion
Sept 13 VIDEO: GALILEO
LECTURE: SCIENCE AND RELIIGON:
ORIGINAL UNITY AND "COURAGE TO CREATE"
*Read "GALILEO’S ‘Two New Sciences" pgs. 9 – 17 Barbour
*Read: Above lecture, Reader pgs 31a - 31d
*Read:Pro.& Chs 4,5, THE GALILEO CONNECTION by C. Hummel
*GALILEO, SCIENCE, & THE CHURCH
by Jerome Langford
2. THE EVOLUTION OF THE COSMOS & CONSCIOUSNESS
How did the universe and I get here?
What is the theological significance of the "Big Bang"
Goals: Case Studies and lectures to understand and relate:
(1) Evolution from cosmos to complexity & consciousness to
(2) Religious symbols of creation and eschatology.
Sept 18 LECTURE: Exploring the Universe: Big Bang Basics:
Henry T. Wadzinski, Ph.D., Harvard Center for Astrophysics
Introduction to scientific origin of the universe
Reader pgs. 56 -50
Sept 20 DISCUSSION: COSMOLOGY FROM ALPHA TO OMEGA by R. Russell
- How does dynamic chaos relate to God’s immanence in the world?
- What does science and religious eschatology say about the "omega point" or the "End-of-the-World"?
*Read: R.J. Russel’s Essay, title above, ZYGON, Dec 94
*Summary of Russel’s Talk at Re-Discovering Cosmos Symp.
F.J. Tipler, The Physics of Immortality
Sept 20 Turn in Class Questionnaire
Sept 25 MODERN COSMOGONY & BIBLICAL CREATION
Prof. Owen Gingerich, Harvard University
Our conception of the universe at large traditionally has intertwined with our thoughts about God and creation, though the latter topics go beyond the reach of science. Prof. Gingerich considers the Anthropic Principle and theological and philosophical issues raised by "Big Bang" cosmology.
* Supplementary Reading:
Templeton & Herrmann: Is God the Only Reality?, Ch 4.
Davies: The Mind of God: Chs. 2,3.
Hawking: A Brief History of Time
Raymo: Skeptics and True Believers
Sept 27 Select Book for Report OR Choose
9/27,10/2 DISCUSSION: THE COURAGE TO CREATE by Rollo May
Gell-Mann’s account of creativity.
Oct 4 STUDENT LED DIALOGUES:
-EINSTEIN’S "COSMIC RELIGIOUS FEELING"
& TILLICH’S "SUPRAPERSONAL GOD"
Oct 9 -"DOES SCIENCE RULE OUT A PESONAL GOD" (Haught)
Tillich answered Einstein’s disbelief in a Nonpersonal God by interpreting God as a Suprapersonal symbol of an "I-Thou" (rather than an "I-It") relation.
Tillich’s Essay, "Science & Religion: A
Discussion with Einstein"
*"Does Science Rule Out a Personal God,"
Science and Religion (Haught1995)
Oct 11 Lecture: EVOLUTION OF THE EARTH THROUGH TIME
Prof. James Skehan, S.J.,
A clear distinction must be drawn between what science and Genesis tell us about the origins of the earth. Research on the age and origin of the Earth, of life, and of mankind is within the domain of science, and Genesis is in no sense a scientific treatment. Genesis, on the other hand, is a religious history of the people of Israel, and as such is one of the noblest and remarkable documents of civilization.
of Mankind: Geology and Biblical Theology vs. Creationism."
*Sup. Reading: Templeton & Herrmann (1994),
Oct 16 DISCUSSION
* Read Barbour, Chap 9, pgs 221-235
Oct 18 Midterm QUIZ
Oct 23 NO CLASS to allow Prof. Carr & interested students to attend
Harvard Conference on Science and the Spiritual Quest:
The Quest for Knowledge, Truth, and Values in Science & Religion
Harvard University, Harvard Memorial Church, Cambridge, MA
October 21-23, 2001, Registration Info http://www.ssq.net
Oct 25 Self-Organization, evolution of Life & consciousness.
- Is evolution due to chance or/and design?
- Complexity theory defines life as being "on the edge of chaos and order."
- Theologian, Tillich, describes life as the "polarity of dynamics and form."
"Humans are created by God to be co-creators. Evolution is God’s creative process for the emanation of the universe and the emergence of human freedom. The freedom that marks the created co-creator and its culture is an instrumentality of God for enabling the creation."
Geometry of Nature. By Paul H. Carr
By Ted Peters
Foreword, Introduction, Chapter 1, "Playing God with DNA"
"Creatio ex nihilo & Creatio Continua"
Nov 6 Chapter 2, "Puppet Determinism and Promethian Determinism"
"The human soul is a phenomenon that exists at the metaxy,
the interstice of soil and spirit" pg 57.
* "Conclusion" pgs 176-178.
3. The SCIENCE-RELIGION DIALOGUE:
What can science learn from religion?
What can religion learn from science?
Goal: To understand the advantages and limitations of different ways of relating science and religion.
Nov 8 LECTURE: JACOB’S LADDER: Connecting Cosmology and Theology
Rev. Barbara Smith-Moran, Society of Ordained Scientists
Four possible types of connection between
physical reality & spiritual reality:
1. Weak interaction between parallel realities.
Nov 13 DISCUSSION:
- Rev. Barbara Smith-Moran’s Lecture
Teilhard de Chardin: pp 247-248.
* Sup. Reading: Essay Religion & Science,
Whitehead , Science & the Modern World
Nov 13 BOOK REPORTS DUE (IF NOT DOING
DEBATE OR 4-WAY-DIALOGUE)
Nov 15: DISCUSSION: Ways of Relating Science and Religion
*Read: Barbour (1997): Chapter 4
I. Conflict 1. Scientific Materialism
2. Biblical Literalism
II. CONTRAST (INDEPENDENCE) 1. Contrasting Methods
2. Differing Languages
Nov 20 No Class (Prof Carr Attends
AAR/SBL) Nov 22 THANKSGIVING
Nov.27 III.CONTACT (DIALOGUE) 1. Boundary Questions
2. Methodological Parallels
IV. CONFIRMATION(INTEGRATION) 1. Theology
2. Systematic Synthesis
Nov 27 Submit Essay Summary,
Outline, & Bibliography
Nov 29 LECTURE: "CAN SCIENCE AND RELIGION SAVE OUR ENVIRONMENT?"
"Then God said: "let us make man in our image, after our
likeness, and let them have dominion over…every living
thing that moves upon the earth." (Genesis 1:26-28)
Does "dominion" lead to conscience and moral responsibility
for our environment? We shall consider three answers:
"No, Yes But, and Yes."
*Read Prof. Carr’s Essay in the Reader
Barbour: pgs. 9, 97, 102-3, 215, 278-80, 291, 331
Dec 4 4-Way Dialogue: "Is Religion Responsible for the
*Recommended Reading: Above Essay in Haught, "Science &
Religion: From Conflict to Conversation."
Dec 6 Essays Completed AND TURNED-IN
CLASS DISCUSSION OF ESSAYS
Dec 11 DISCUSSION:
Structures and methods of science & religion (S & R),
-The role of models & paradigms in S & R.
- The structures of both S & R are both circular.
- Complementary of "wave" and "particle" models of quantum mechanics.
* Read: Chapter 5 of Barbour (1997)
DEC 13 LAST CLASS, ESSAYS RETURNED, CLASS SUMMARY & EVALUATION